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Hog Producers Feeling Effects of Government Shutdown

Steve Meyer

October 7, 2013

4 Min Read
Hog Producers Feeling Effects of Government Shutdown


We’re not real sure what we are “Previewing” this week, since hardly any of the numbers that we use are available. There are no Production and Price Summary tables this week for good reason. I suppose you producers are feeling that impact in spades and it doesn’t appear that the end is in sight.

The federal government shutdown, of course, has nothing to do with our business, but will have more and more profound impacts each day it drags on. “You never know how much something means until it is gone” certainly applies to this situation. We criticize, nitpick and fume with the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) over its data, but when there is nothing to criticize, nitpick and fume over, we see just how valuable those data are. Now it is possible to be both critical and appreciative, and we probably ought to pay more attention to those attitudes in our everyday dealings with USDA. I hope that we do so in the future even if we haven’t done so in the past.

The situation as it stands is this: The price reporting function of USDA’s Agricultural Marketing Service has not been deemed “critical” and is thus shut down until further notice. The last data published under mandatory price reporting for hogs and pork was Monday, Sept. 30. The “reports” for that day cannot be accessed but the data for that day – at least those data that were published that day – can be accessed at http://mpr.datamart.ams.usda.gov/. At least one teeny part of the government is still working.

I have not looked at all of the data currently generated by this site, but I do know that one item (report volume for negotiated wholesale pork cuts) looked pretty screwy this morning in that every weekly number was the same for January through July. So be a bit cautious about the results of any searching you do at the Datamart site.


Three Points to Ponder

So what is happening in the meantime?

First, the rumors you have heard about an attempt to establish a temporary, voluntary reporting system are true. We don’t know yet when the effort might come to fruition but it is ongoing. To say the least, the idea is technically and legally complex.

Second, the practice of using the last available price quotes (ie. from Sept. 30) appears to be over. A number of packers had used those quotes last week, but quite understandably now feel those quotes are pretty stale relative to where true market values might be. I think that is especially true due to the time of year. Hog prices usually fall as hog supplies grow in October. Of course, we don’t know for sure that hog supplies grew last week since we have no slaughter data either! But it’s still a pretty safe bet.

Third, it appears that the most popular choices are, for now, the price of the nearby October CME Lean Hog futures contract and price data from Urner Barry, the long-time publisher of The Yellow Sheet. Tyson and Smithfield have announced they will use the Lean Hogs quote this week, and Cargill has announced it will use a quote from Urner Barry.

There aren’t many other options at present but the situation with the Lean Hogs demonstrates the quandary that everyone is in. The Lean Hogs futures contract has a couple of real strengths in a) being traded in an open, transparent, public market and b) being accessible to anyone who wants to basically bet money on what the cash hog price will be at a future date. The key future date in question, of course, is next Monday, Oct. 14 when the October contract expires.

But Tyson and Smithfield are using a futures price that is the consensus bet of what a cash price, that is not being published might be next Monday, when it still might not be published. It is tough to determine what the basis is when the futures price is determining the cash price. I’m not picking on Tyson and Smithfield here. They don’t have any real good options. I’m just saying that this is probably not a good, long-term solution, a fact that I think both companies acknowledge when they reportedly limited the practice to this week.

What does this say about government-sponsored price reporting? Not much good from a reliability standpoint but, again, what alternative is there? Private reporting is always suspect to some degree, and packers can hardly work together to do any reporting due to risks of running afoul of antitrust laws. A cooperative such as the beef industry’s CattleFAX can clearly work, but it takes time to build the necessary systems and reputation, and you must be recognized as a Capper-Volsted Act cooperative to have the antitrust immunity offered to cooperatives.

Bottom line: It’s not a good situation at all for hog producers. And it is not just hog data that are in peril. USDA announced this morning that it would not issue this week’s Crop Production and World Agricultural Supply and Demand Estimates (WASDE) reports. Nothing like driving blind, huh?

About the Author(s)

Steve Meyer

Partners for Production Agriculture

Steve Meyer joins Kerns and Associates, Ames, Iowa. As Kerns team member, Meyer will be speaking, developing and delivering economic data and analyses, and working with our clients to provide critical perspectives as they benchmark and drive risk management decisions.

Previously, Meyer served as vice president of Pork Analysis for EMI. Meyer conducted ongoing analysis of hog and pork markets. In a former role, as president of Paragon, he also monitored and analyzed cattle, beef and poultry markets to meet the needs of his diverse set of clients. He served for 12 years as an author of The Daily Livestock Report sponsored by CME Group, an e-newsletter whose circulation grew steadily following its introduction in 2003. In addition, he writes a feature article for National Hog Farmer’s NHF Daily e-letter that focuses on economic issues in North America’s swine/pork sector.

Prior to founding Paragon Economics, Meyer served as director of Economics for the National Pork Producers Council and National Pork Board from 1993-2002. In that capacity, he provided economic counsel to producers and NPPC/NPB staff and coordinated staff and consultants’ activities regarding meat industry production and price forecasts and the economic impact of pork production and processing. He also administered NPPC/NPB programs dealing with marketing and pricing systems, industry structure, coordination and competitiveness. Since leaving the NPB staff, Meyer has served as the organizations’ consulting economist. In addition, he spent three years as an assistant professor in the agriculture economics department at the University of Missouri.

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