June 27, 2023
On Monday the Croatian Veterinary Institute confirmed African swine fever in blood samples from sick pigs and in organ samples from dead pigs taken from two facilities in the area of Posavski Podgajac in Vukovar-Srijem County. All 48 domestic pigs were kept outdoors on the two farms.
When raising suspicion, the Veterinary Inspection of the DIRH ordered preliminary control measures, namely a ban on the movement of pigs, the mandatory application of disinfection and the use of protective equipment. Determining control measures is underway, including killing the remaining pigs at the farms, determining restriction zones, collecting epidemiological information, and determining contact farms and the possible spread of the disease to other locations.
Also, two more suspicions of ASF were reported, at one farm in the area of Gunja and one in the area of Rajevo Selo. Samples were also taken from all suspicious establishments, which are currently being processed, and preliminary control measures were ordered by the Veterinary Inspection.
The Ministry of Agriculture and the State Inspectorate say they will do everything in order to localize and eradicate ASF from the infected area as soon as possible and to prevent its further spread, but the human factor also plays a major role in its spread.
The news follows Bosnia-Herzegovina recording its first occurence of ASF. The World Organization for Animal Health confirmed Monday the virus was detected via polymerase chain reaction at the PI Veterinary Institute of Republic of Srpska "Dr. Vaso Butozan" Banja Luka on June 22. The pig was from a farm near Bijeljina, in the northeast part of the country, near the border with Serbia.
In 2022, Serbia was the most affected non-EU country with 107 ASF outbreaks.
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