As the global populatin enters the new year and begins year three of the COVID-19 pandemic, the food system continues to be challenged. The causes and consequences include persistent disruptions in global supply chains, new perspectives on worker welfare and safety, and a renewed focus on food insecurity. In addition, climate change continues to be a major concern. Despite these challenges, innovative approaches that harness the power of science and technology continue to emerge.
To help make sense of it all, the International Food Information Council (IFIC) — drawing on its credentialed experts and wealth of consumer survey data — once again offers a forecast of food trends for the upcoming year.
Well, Well, Wellness
Unsurprisingly, the pandemic lockdowns for many Americans marked a period of food indulgence and dietary backsliding. But IFIC data also suggest that wellness is becoming a watchword for many. IFIC recent surveys show that consumers are proactively looking for positive food attributes like whole grains and fiber, and they're exploring immune health more so than previously.
What's more, messages about healthy diets might be sinking in. IFIC's annual Food and Health Survey has found that awareness of the federal Dietary Guidelines for Americans has doubled over roughly the past decade, with 46% of consumers saying in 2021 that they know at least a fair amount about them, compared to just 23% in 2010.
But the pandemic also revealed a precarious state of food insecurity for many Americans, where a startling number of people live a single economic shock away from hunger and deprivation — and children are hit the hardest. Consequently, IFIC expects more attention in 2022 from policymakers on issues like federal feeding programs, the need to act on health and nutrition disparities, and the role of lifestyle-related non-communicable diseases — including the links between comorbidities and overall susceptibility to COVID.
In 2022, Americans also will broaden their horizons in search of more effective ways to manage their stress, whether it be their pursuit of micronutrients like B vitamins and magnesium or macronutrients like whole grains and protein. CBD-infused foods will move even closer to center stage. And Americans will likely manage diets and nutrition through beverages, such as broader consumption of non-alcoholic alternatives as a way to reduce caloric intake or so-called "functional fizzes."
Yearning for Yesteryear
"Nostalgia" has its roots in Greek words that describe the pain of missing one's home. In 2022, the 1990s will make a return trip … and they will bring some familiar favorites with them. In the coming year, all things simple and familiar will guide food choices, whether it's the recipes people follow or the snacks they reach for.
For example, the Food Network, which launched in 1993 and has been known for its down-home and sometimes decadent cuisine, has experienced a pandemic-era ratings renaissance. Expect its ethos of simple, no-fuss, home cooking to continue in 2022.
Fever for the Flavor
Given the current state of the pandemic, Americans who are still reluctant to travel in 2022 will look for new ways to transport their taste buds. Expect them to satisfy their gastronomical wanderlust with exotic foods and flavors like hibiscus, yuzu, turmeric, kelp, gochujang and ube.
Not only will they continue to savor the "fifth taste" of umami with ingredients like MSG, they will also become more acquainted with the richness of kokumi, considered by some to be a "sixth taste."
They will look to reduce their sodium intake with salt alternatives like potassium chloride and their sugar intake with substitutes like allulose, maltitol and monk fruit.
Necessity Is the Mother of (Pandemic) Invention
Given the pandemic food system shifts, more and more businesses will "get into the spirit" of so-called ghost kitchens and pop-ups, as well as the greater adoption of technologies like QR codes for menus and self-service kiosks at restaurants.
E-commerce and direct-to-consumer sales will increasingly become a driving force in the food system, as policymakers rush to keep up. Urban farming and "vertical agriculture" will be a growth industry for city-dwellers that promote sustainability, nutrition, food security and closer, more personal connections to food production.
And CRISPR, already increasingly accepted for its medical applications, will assert itself as a leading next-generation biotechnology in crop production to help address food security, climate change and sustainability.
Sustainability "Cemented In"
In fact, Americans in 2022 can expect their conception of sustainability to broaden and its role in their attitudes and behaviors to become more firmly "cemented in."
The 2021 Food and Health Survey found that 42% of consumers believe their food choices have a moderate or significant impact on the environment, while 7 in 10 say climate change sometimes influences their purchase decisions.
The recent United Nations Climate Change Conference ("COP26") will contribute to sustainable purchasing attitudes in the coming year. And environmental sustainability as a consumer value will help fuel new eating patterns like "reducetarian," "climatarian" and low-carbon.
But consumers' support for sustainability will extend beyond the physical environment and into social issues. More than half of consumers believe it is at least somewhat important that people working in food production, retail and food service be treated fairly and equitably. Support for "social sustainability" is only expected to grow, as it has found particular resonance among younger consumers.