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Farm Progress America, May 27, 2019

Max Armstrong recalls past market years when post-holiday market rallies, often in July, which is when a rally in the corn market often happens as harvest nears. But this year’s Memorial Day rally started closer to Mother’s Day, has been prompted by continued soggy weather that has kept planters out of the field. Max looks back at a previous flood, but this year’s event is far different, and he recalls a warning from Agricultural Meteorologist Greg Soulje of the wet season as early as mid-winter; Soulje says wet weather will continue.

Farm Progress America is a daily look at key issues in agriculture. It is produced and presented by Max Armstrong, veteran farm broadcaster and host of This Week in Agribusiness.

Photo: ghornephoto/istock/Getty Images Plus

This Week in Agribusiness, May 25, 2019

Part 1

Greg Soulje is in early to share a forecast, as farmers share concern about prevented planting.

Chad Colby was on site for the 2019 Farm Progress Show, where they were able to get some crops planted.

Bryce Knorr, Farm Futures market analyst, shares his marketing insight and outlook. From trade and tariffs to pork production, and prevent plant.

Part 2

Bryce Knorr is back in studio talking with Max and Orion about planting progress and other marketing factors.

Chad Colby talks with with Matt Foes, Illinois farmer agronomist, about what his cropping plans are morphing into, using drones and the computer to be as efficient as possible.

Jamie Johansen visits a farm to table restaurant.

Part 3

Lorrie Boyer, KSIR Radio, joins Max and Orion to talk about what’s happening in ag in Fort Morgan, Colorado.

When people look at old farm tractors, they enjoy the appearance and working on them, and some love the sound. Mark Becker, Illinois, talks about his old Oliver tractor.

Part 4

Steve Bridge was at the Alltech Ideas Conference and shares what he learned while there.

Greg Soulje is in to talk weather; wet weather.

Part 5

Greg Soulje is back with an extended weather forecast.

Part 6

A 1954 Farmall Super M is in Max’s Tractor Shed this week. It’s owned by Henry Rexing, Ft. Branch, Ind.

The FFA Chapter Tribute goes to Wasatch FFA in Heber City, Utah.

Orion talks about the dangers of farming in Samuelson Sez.

Part 7

Max put out a call for sharing farm flags, and many farmers responded.

Lean hog futures in a holding pattern

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Looking at the summer lean hog futures charts you’d never know that African swine fever was wiping out huge numbers of pigs in Asia. The futures market has lost all urgency with regard to the situation in China. Someday this will change.

While we’ve never seen a confirmation statement issued by the Mexican government, their 20% tariff on U.S. pork should have been rescinded when the Trump administration eliminated the tariffs on steel and aluminum imposed against Mexico and Canada. This is a very positive development for the U.S. pork market. Mexico is our largest traditional buyer of pork. I say traditional because we fully expect China to be the largest buyer this year and likely for the next several years.

The ASF situation in China and Vietnam continues to worsen. Don’t let the poor action in the U.S. futures market fool you into thinking otherwise. My sources, multiple sources, suggest the devastation in China is nearly beyond comprehension. The official Chinese data indicates that the breeding herd is down 22% as of the end of April compared to the same period last year. They lost 1% during April. The disease continues to spread and massive culling of animals continues to occur. This is occurring under the radar and is certainly not being reported by the government. The Chinese government will likely never reveal the actual losses which have occurred. Private companies that are doing business in China report far greater losses than currently being reported by the Chinese government and by the USDA. Losses of pigs range from 150 million to 200 million and losses in terms of breeding stock range from 30% loss to as high as 50%. Before ASF struck we estimate that China had about 40 million sows. Thus, it appears likely they’ve lost to disease and/or culling anywhere from 8 million to as many as 20 million sows. For comparison, the U.S. breeding herd currently stands at 6.4 million.

Being conservative, if China has lost 25% to 35% of their herd, we’re talking about a loss equaling 14% of the global supply of pork. This will, in turn, create a 16 million metric ton production deficit. A deficit of this size is double the normal pork trade. In other words, if all pork exports in the world went solely to China and nowhere else, it would only represent 8.3 million metric tons. So you can see why the numbers involved are simply difficult to comprehend. The displacement in the world protein markets is going to be unprecedented. Indeed, look for the price of all meat proteins to rise in the months ahead. China is a virtual giant in terms of pork production/consumption. Put another way, total world pork exports (8.3 million metric tons) represents only 16% of total Chinese pork production (2018 production = 54.15 million metric tons).

The situation in Vietnam is grim. Recent reports indicated over 2,100 new outbreaks have been reported. Reports of new outbreaks went silent as of March 24 until the recent admission that ASF continues to spread in an out-of-control fashion. Current estimates are calling for a 20% loss of the hog herd which equates to about 6 million pigs. Vietnam is the sixth largest pork-producing country in the world.

Going back to China and the loss of breeding stock, one must realize and address what I call the “magnifier effect.”  Indeed, the inability to produce pork down the road will be amplified by the loss of breeding stock. For example, if China has lost 8 million sows, given two litters per year and seven pigs per litter, we’re talking about a loss in production for next year of 112 million pigs. We will likely slaughter about 130 million pigs this year. So we’re talking a loss in productive ability equaling 86% of U.S. production.

While the lack of bullish enthusiasm in the U.S. lean hog futures market is hard to believe in the face of such a long term bullish fundamental development, the bottom line is that pork export trends going to China are very positive. Indeed, first quarter European Union pork exports to China have soared, recently reported up 26% from the first quarter of last year. This is a huge year-on-year increase. Cash hog prices in France have increased 24% from early March. For comparison, total first quarter U.S. pork exports were down 6.4%. So the current tariff situation (China has a 50% tariff on U.S. pork and until last week Mexico had a 20% tariff on U.S. pork) is definitely hampering U.S. pork exports.

A closer look at the data, however, indicates that perhaps the 20% Mexican tariff on U.S. pork is hurting U.S. producers more than the 50% Chinese tariff. Chinese pork imports from August of 2018 to March shows the following trends: Canada pork exports to China during this period are up 128%, Spain up 89%, Germany up 75%, The Netherlands up 150%, Denmark up 132%, France up 102% and the U.S. up 187%. The recent removal of the Mexican tariff on U.S. pork combined with expected increases in Chinese imports should eventually drive hog prices higher and likely sharply higher.

At some point later this year, likely starting in late summer, tariff or no tariff, the Chinese will be forced to dramatically increase pork imports from the U.S. They simply won’t have any choice. The EU cannot supply all of their needs. Simply put, at some point the U.S. futures market will realize and come to terms with the fact that there’s not going to be enough pork in the world.

To date the Chinese have booked 195,000 MT of U.S. pork and to date they taken shipment of 73,000 MT leaving 122,000 MT of pork sold but not shipped. With 32 weeks left in the calendar year, we’ll have to ship 3,800 MT each week to meet these sales. Recently the offtake to China has been around 4,000 MT. Assuming they continue to purchase U.S. pork shipments will have to begin increasing.

Many in the trade believe the Chinese will shy away from pork (pork is the staple in both China and Vietnam) and move toward other protein sources. The most logical choice would be chicken. Keep in mind that currently there’s a longstanding ban in China on U.S. poultry imports due to bird flu from 2003. Brazil, Argentina, Chile, Thailand and Poland have all experienced sharp increases in poultry exports to China. Specifically, during the August 2018 to March timeframe, poultry exports to China show the following trends; Brazil up 11%, Argentina up 39%, Chile up 83%, Thailand up 381% and Poland up over 8,000%. Keep in mind that as the traditional buyers of poultry from these countries get squeezed out, they’ll likely come to the U.S. for their poultry needs. My industry sources are indicating that China does not have a quality breeding herd to allow for a rapid expansion of broiler production within the country. Beef is too expensive to import in huge quantities.

The lethargic action in lean hog futures will likely continue until large shipments begin to dramatically tighten the product channels. At this point cutout values will soar and the cash hog market will turn very strong. Late this summer is the timeframe in which this situation may begin to unfold. We believe the Chinese are currently pulling large amounts of pork out of frozen storage. Starting in July government rules stipulate that all pork pulled out of storage will have to be tested for ASF. If there’s a positive test, the pork can’t be consumed. So they’re aggressively pulling out of storage ahead of July 1st. We estimate they have the ability to store only five to not more than nine weeks’ worth of consumption in frozen storage.

Trading strategies will include the attempt to lock in a price floor against the August hogs at $80.00. On a sharp rally in futures we hope to secure the August lean hog $80.00 puts for as close to $1.00 as possible, locking in a net floor of $79.00/CWT. The August puts will also provide a high measure of protection in the event of an outbreak of ASF in the U.S. Such protection would be in place until expiration on August 14. After that date, additional protection will have to be secured through the purchase of October puts. For our speculative traders we’ll be looking at buying October calls/selling puts on any weakness into the mid-June timeframe.

Source: Dennis Smith, who is solely responsible for the information provided, and wholly owns the information. Informa Business Media and all its subsidiaries are not responsible for any of the content contained in this information asset.

Another round of trade aid payments

National Pork Board Side-by-side red hog barns

With the ongoing trade wars and retaliatory tariffs resulting in low commodity prices, the USDA announces another round of assistance to producers. The $16 billion aid package will include direct payments to producers, commodity purchases and trade assistance. A number of details still need to be announced including the payment rate for producers.

Market Facilitation Program: MFP will provide $14.5 billion in direct payments to producers of alfalfa hay, barley, canola, corn, crambe, dry peas, extra-long staple cotton, flaxseed, lentils, long grain and medium grain rice, mustard seed, dried beans, oats, peanuts, rapeseed, safflower, sesame seed, small and large chickpeas, sorghum, soybeans, sunflower seed, temperate japonica rice, upland cotton and wheat.

According to the USDA, producers will receive “a payment based on a single county rate multiplied by a farm’s total plantings to those crops in aggregate in 2019. Those per acre payments are not dependent on which of those crops are planted in 2019, and therefore will not distort planting decisions. Moreover, total payment-eligible plantings cannot exceed total 2018 plantings.”

Pork producers’ payment will be based on hog and pig inventory for a later-specified time frame. Dairy producers’ per hundredweight payment will be determined on production history for a later-specified time.

Producers will receive up to three payments. The first payment is expected to be made in late-July/early August after the Farm Service Agency’s crop reporting is completed by July 15. USDA will make a second payment in November and the third payment in early January if “conditions warrant.”

Food Purchase and Distribution Program: The Agricultural Marketing Service will purchase $1.4 billion of surplus commodities affected by trade retaliation. Products will include fruits, vegetables, some processed foods, beef, pork, lamb, poultry and milk for distribution by the Food and Nutrition Service for food banks, schools and other facilities serving low-income individuals.

Agriculture Trade Promotion Program: $100 million will be used by the Foreign Agricultural Service to develop new export markets.

The payments to farmers will help but will not make up for the lost sales and market share that the trade wars and lack of trade agreements are causing. We can expect other industries that have been negatively affected to begin asking for government assistance.

Disaster bill moving through Congress
The Senate passed a $19.1 billion disaster aid package that includes $3.005 billion in payments to farmers for unplanted acres and for stored grain that was damaged because of flooding.

The disaster payments are capped at 70% of the loss for farmers who did not buy crop insurance.

The legislation waives a payment restriction under the USDA’s trade relief program. Thus, producers earning more than $900,000 in adjusted gross income will be eligible for trade assistance payments if at least 75% of their income is from farming.

The House was expected to consider the bill today by voice vote, but because of a Republican objection the bill will be considered when the House returns from the Memorial Day recess.

Canada and Mexico drop tariffs
Canada and Mexico have dropped their retaliatory tariffs in response to the United States ending its tariffs on imports of Canadian and Mexican steel and aluminum. This is the result of the three countries reaching an agreement in which Mexico and Canada agreed to adopt tougher monitoring and enforcement measures to prevent Chinese steel and aluminum from being shipped to the United States through their countries.

Last year, both countries placed tariffs on U.S. products in response to President Trump’s tariffs on steel and aluminum. Mexico imposed a 20% tariff on pork and Canada placed a 10% tariff on prepared beef items.

U.S. Meat Export Federation President Dan Halstrom says, “Restoring duty-free access to the Mexican and Canadian markets is a tremendous breakthrough for the U.S. red meat industry. USMEF thanks President Trump and Ambassador Robert Lighthizer for reaching an agreement with Mexico and Canada on steel and aluminum tariffs and in turn Mexico and Canada’s lifting of the retaliatory duties on U.S. red meat. This also removes a significant obstacle for the U.S.-Mexico-Canada Agreement, and USMEF is hopeful that all three countries ratify USMCA as soon as possible.”

The National Pork Producers Council estimates Mexico’s tariff cost pork producers $12 per head or $1.5 billion on an annualized basis. Mexico is the U.S. pork industry’s largest export market representing over 30% last year.

Crop plantings still behind
Corn and soybean plantings made some progress last week but are still behind five-year averages. USDA’s latest weekly Crop Progress report shows 49% of corn acres have been planted compared to a five-year average of 80%. Soybeans planting were 19% completed compared to a 47% five-year average.

Source: P. Scott Shearer, who is solely responsible for the information provided, and wholly owns the information. Informa Business Media and all its subsidiaries are not responsible for any of the content contained in this information asset.

Hormel Foods second quarter earnings impacted by African swine fever

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Hormel Foods Corporation says its leading brands, balanced business model and strong balance sheet are positioned to manage through the near-term uncertainty related to African swine fever in China. This week the leading global branded food company reported results for the second quarter of fiscal 2019.

“We achieved record sales this quarter as three of our four segments delivered volume and sales growth,” says Jim Snee, chairman of the board, president and chief executive officer at Hormel Foods. “Many of our innovative product lines such as Hormel Bacon 1 cooked bacon, Hormel Fire Braised products, Hormel Natural Choice snacks and Herdez salsa delivered double-digit sales growth. We also grew core product lines such as Hormel pepperoni, Dinty Moore stew and Austin Blues authentic barbeque products.

“In spite of record sales, second quarter earnings did not meet our expectations. African swine fever in China started to impact global hog and pork markets this quarter, which led to rapidly increasing input costs. In response, we have announced pricing action across our branded value-added portfolio in the Grocery Products, Refrigerated Foods and International segments.”

Key numbers presented in the Hormel Foods’ executive summary include:

  • Volume of 1.2 billion pounds, up 1%
  • Record net sales of $2.3 billion, up 1%
  • Pretax earnings of $318 million, up 7%
  • Diluted earnings per share of $0.52
  • Excluding one-time gain on the divestiture of CytoSport, adjusted diluted EPS1 of $0.46 per share
  • Effective tax rate of 11.1% compared to 20.0% last year
  • Operating margin of 13.3% compared to 12.9% last year
  • Year-to-date cash flow from operations of $366 million, down 18% due to higher working capital
  • Fiscal 2019 earnings guidance decreased to $1.71 to $1.85 per share from $1.77 to $1.91 per share

“Over the past three years, the intentional actions we have taken as part of Our Path Forward, which include evolving to a broader global branded food company, accelerating our foodservice business, modernizing our supply chain and divesting nonstrategic assets, has made our company stronger,” Snee says. “Our experienced management team, leading brands, focus on innovation, strong balance sheet and diversified businesses allow us to manage through times of uncertainty and volatility, as we are currently experiencing with African swine fever.”

Source: Hormel Foods Corporation, which is solely responsible for the information provided, and wholly owns the information. Informa Business Media and all its subsidiaries are not responsible for any of the content contained in this information asset.

ASF to send restaurant food costs higher

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Restaurants have experienced a favorable food cost environment for the past two years, which has helped compensate for rising costs in other areas such as labor and real estate. However, Rabobank expects the situation to change for proteins the second half of the year and into 2020 following the African swine fever outbreak.

“While most restaurants have locked in much of their 2019 needs, few suppliers are willing to lock in prices for longer time frames, given the prevailing uncertainties,” Rabobank analysts noted. “So, restaurants should expect to pay higher prices in the future. That protein costs will increase is almost certain, but conditions such as trade deals or disease expansion into new geographies could alter the pace and rate of these increases.”

Rabobank explained that the U.S. faces some sort of export restriction in all three major proteins for China. While these can be impediments in the short term, Rabobank believes that product will find a way to China regardless, either directly or indirectly, through other countries supplying China. As such, all proteins in the U.S. will face increased export demand to varying degrees and lower domestic availability, which will translate into higher prices domestically.

Regarding pork, Rabobank reported that sizable exports to China have been recorded in recent weeks, despite restrictive tariffs. Lean hog futures are also trading near contract highs, and prices for most pork products are nearly 25% above year-ago levels.

“Product prices are expected to move even higher in coming weeks as direct exports to China begin, but the strongest upward pressure is expected in the second half of the year,” Rabobank said, adding that exports would be even higher if U.S.-China trade negotiations were to result in a reduction of the current tariff, although that outcome seems unlikely at present.

Rabobank said poultry will be the primary substitute for filling the global pork void, and while chicken exports to China continue to be banned, stronger demand from other countries no longer being supplied by their traditional trade partners will tighten U.S. chicken supplies.

“Local buyers can expect to find enough product domestically, given the growth in domestic production, but at higher prices than would have been expected in the absence of ASF,” the analysts said.

Beef prices will also increase on the back of ASF, but Rabobank noted that it will be the last protein to see the increases materialize.

“At present, the U.S. has a record number of cattle on feed, ensuring ample supply for exports and the domestic market,” the bank explained.

Rabobank expects beef prices to go through a seasonal pre-summer low, with increases to be seen around October. However, the bank did suggest that quick-service restaurant patty prices will be the most vulnerable component of the domestic beef market, since increased shipments of manufacturing beef from both Australia and New Zealand to China are resulting in reduced imports into the United States.

Source: Rabobank, which is solely responsible for the information provided, and wholly owns the information. Informa Business Media and all its subsidiaries are not responsible for any of the content contained in this information asset.

Value-added market potential: Omega-3 pork without the fishy taste

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Earlier this month I came across an article in the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, “Do Kids Need Omega 3 Fats.” Essential fatty acids that help feed the brain and keep it healthy, omega-3s are known for their role in neurotransmitter function and helping to manage psychological and behavioral condition. Some studies have also linked poor reading ability with low levels of a certain type of omega-3 fat in children, and supplementation was associated with improved memory function.

It caught my eye, first because I have a 3-year-old boy who we are trying to prepare for preschool, and second, because it reminded me of a recent conversation I had with Dennis Nuttelman, a sales representative with XFE Products.

The article suggests if your kids aren’t into fish, try using flaxseed oil — a great source for one of the omega-3 fats: alpha-linolenic acid. The registered dietitian suggests adding a teaspoon to a smoothie or mixing it up with peanut butter for toast and sandwiches.

The pork industry isn’t a stranger to the concept of using feed enhanced with flaxseed or linseed to enrich meat with omega-3s, however those best intentions always seemed to result in an off-flavor or discoloration in meat from the animal.

“You really can’t get good meat taste out of extruded flax or other processed methods, because oxidation of the meat turns it. People don’t like the fishy taste,” Nuttelman says.

That previous industry work didn’t sway Nuttelman and the folks from XFE Products from working with flax and other ingredients in diets to build up omega-3s in pork; it only fueled the fire to finding a way for the meat to scientifically pass the consumer taste test.

After developing a propriety diet formulation, high in flax and canola as well as other essential ingredients, and feeding it to pigs at Omega-3 Family Farms in Columbus, Neb., where Nuttelman is one of the members, XFE Products took the enriched-pork product to Kansas State University in 2017 to test for flavor, tenderness and shelf life.

John Gonzalez, a meat scientist at KSU led the research, finding that not only did the omega-3 content in the consumer meat product increase by 178%, but subsequent taste tests with trained panelists showed that there was no reported difference in the taste, color, tenderness or shelf life of the meat.

“That’s what makes this product very unique compared to anybody else’s feed [formulation] ... flax, canola, ground flax, all the other processes that take place in North America ... and that’s why we’ve had success with the product,” Nuttelman says.

XFE Products, based in Des Moines Iowa, and Stromberg, Neb., is a part of XF Enterprises based in Hereford, Texas. In 2015, Nuttelman brought his clients of pork producers together from Nebraska and Minnesota to form a company, Omega 3 Family Farms. Omega 3 Family Farms has marketed the meat on the East Coast, but due to packer control in the Midwest have only been able to really market through private meat deals in Wisconsin and Minnesota. Omega 3 Family Farms’ product offering includes omega-3 meats, dairy products and eggs and has negotiated a contract with a large Korean-based omega-3 company to begin delivering all of these products to the Asian market.

While the human Asian market may be more interested in omega-3 meat products, the biggest demand for the products in the United States has been through the pet food sector.

“We do a phenomenal amount now of omega-3 pork and beef in pet treats and that is just turning the pet industry upside down on pet treats,” Nuttelman says.

Today Nuttelman works with a group of pork producers out of Nebraska, Minnesota and Iowa who feed the proprietary diet formulation to their herd and has received three USDA grants to aid in marketing the value-added products at the consumer level. While he hopes to reach more consumers with the heart-healthy meat option on the shelves, the endgame is for his producers to make more money, Nuttelman says.

“I mean the goal in doing something like this would be to have a producer probably make $20 more per head,” Nuttelman says. “It doesn’t cost them anything more to do what we’re doing, other than a little bit more time and labor because his feed ration has to be a little bit different, but the performance of the pig even offsets the cost of the feed and is phenomenal.”

While the University of Missouri, Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School scientists have been able to genetically modify pigs to produce omega-3 fatty acid, the gene editing technology is currently held up through the Food and Drug Administration’s rigorous regulatory approval and must meet consumer approval before producers will have access to adding those genetics to their systems. However, through the XFE’s feeding program, Nuttelman says producers could capture that value-added market now.

“My main goal is to address how producers make money out here,” Nuttelman says. “This last year has been absolutely the worst year in 10, 12 years for hog producers and where they’re at and what they’re doing. My goal is trying to find something that’s value added to do that. There are many valued-added markets out there and all are good, organic, non-GMO, ABF and free range, but none of these bring the value of nutritional support that omega-3s will do.”

Farm Progress America, May 24, 2019

Max Armstrong offers a look at a recent outbreak of Salmonella sickened from chickens raised in backyard flocks. The challenge is that contact with poultry from multiple hatcheries may be the source of the problem. People touch the animals, or they touch the areas where the animals live. Max offers insight into the rising phenomenon of the backyard chicken.

Farm Progress America is a daily look at key issues in agriculture. It is produced and presented by Max Armstrong, veteran farm broadcaster and host of This Week in Agribusiness.

Photo: twilightproductions/iStock/Getty Images Plus

Antimicrobial resistance: We don’t have all the answers yet

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By Carissa Odland, DVM, Pipestone Veterinary Services 
Imagine it’s late in the day and as you are watching the evening news you learn about an individual who has been confirmed with an antibiotic resistant bacterial infection. The story continues describing how there has been an increase in antibiotic-resistant infections around the world and the news anchor quotes the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention by stating that antibiotic use in livestock is a large contributor to antimicrobial resistance in humans. The route of transmission for the resistance between livestock and humans is suspected to be through food or the environment …

The sound of the TV soon becomes a blur in the background and you start thinking about a recent group of pigs that went through a health problem in one of your barns. The pigs became sick fast — they were thumping, feverish and not eating or drinking. When your veterinarian came out to the farm, diagnostics were collected and a porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus introduction was confirmed along with secondary bacterial infections. You followed the veterinarian’s recommendations of medication through the water as well as individually treating sick pigs with an antibiotic and anti-inflammatory medication.

How many of you can relate to this experience of sickness showing up suddenly in the barn and needing to run antibiotics in the water or giving individual pigs antibiotic treatments to save their lives? Is there any harm in doing this? Is that what the news anchor was talking about?

As a veterinarian who is involved in disease challenges and medication recommendations every day, these are the types of questions that I wanted to investigate further. As a result, I enrolled with the University of Minnesota master’s degree program to study and help provide answers to some of these critical questions:

  • When we treat our pigs with an antibiotic, does the antimicrobial resistance patterns change (resistance to an increased number of drugs)?
  • If so, how long does the resistance remain in the pig or environment?
  • Are we able to eliminate the transmission of resistance from one group to the next group within the environment?

As an industry, we care. We care about making sure that our pigs are healthy and that antibiotics work to treat disease if/when needed. And we care about our family, our friends and others — we care about doing our part to make sure antibiotics continue to work for human health. Because we care, it is critical for us to continue to deepen our understanding of antimicrobial resistance.

You are probably thinking “Great questions, Dr. O! Can you just get to the part where you tell us the answers?!”

But the truth is, we don’t have all the answers yet, so I invite you on this journey as I finish my master’s project and navigate through some of these questions.

Source: Carissa Odland, Pipestone Veterinary Services, who is solely responsible for the information provided, and wholly owns the information. Informa Business Media and all its subsidiaries are not responsible for any of the content contained in this information asset.

MIDDAY Midwest Digest, May 23, 2019

Storms came in the middle of the night in Missouri, and some folks didn't hear the warnings.

The Farm Credit chairman has died. He had cancer, and worked hard to ensure success of the biofuels industry. 

Max got to witness ingenious ideas when visiting with farm equipment engineers.

 

Photo: ipopba/Getty Images