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Articles from 2017 In November


Farm Futures Market Update

MIDDAY-MidwestDigest-11-30-17

Steve Alexander fills in for Max Armstrong.

I’ve lost count of number of politicians who campaign on making government run more like a business. Gov. Pete Ricketts is doing his part by changing the way some non-union government employees are paid.

Wisconsin has jobs for you and wants you to move there and work if you are a millennial or a military veteran.

A big new biofuel plant is being built in Wichita, KS, by Cargill. It will employ 35 full time workers.

Legionnaires’ disease has popped up in Illinois old folks’ home.

Yesterday, we heard about a 9-year-old boy who accidentally shot himself. Today, it’s a Nebraska boy who shot himself while out checking traps.

In Evansville, Ind., there is organization that advocates for separation of church and state. Says coach that prayed with team after football victory is violating separation of church and state.

Max is in Coralville, Iowa, at The Ag Data conference.

Canada captures market access for pork to Argentina

Canadian flag

Argentina is accepting pork exports from Canada once again, announces the Honorable Lawrence MacAulay, Minister of Agriculture and Agri-Food, and the Honorable François-Philippe Champagne, Minister of International Trade.

“Our government is working hard to open markets and create new trade opportunities for Canadian businesses and workers. Canadian pork access to the Argentinian market is an important step in our valued and growing relationship and evidence that engagement produces results. I encourage our Canadian pork industry to take advantage of the opportunities this leading South American market offers,” states Champagne.

As the seventh top producing pork country, Canadian hog producers export 16% of the world’s pork, shipping 3.8 million pounds outside its borders in 2016.

This restored access will provide significant new opportunities to Canadian pork exporters in the important and emerging Argentinian market, with industry estimating an export value of up to $16 million annually.

“CPI is very pleased with this announcement. The Argentinian market represents a solid opportunity to develop further and diversify Canadian pork exports in South America,” stresses Neil Ketilson, chair of the Canada Pork International Board of Directors.

The government of Canada is helping producers and processors bring their high-quality products to more and more countries around the globe. Restoring market access to the Argentinian market builds on Prime Minister Justin Trudeau’s successful visit to Argentina last year when both leaders acknowledged the progress made to date and the necessary remaining steps to allow trade of Canadian pork to Argentina to resume.

Source: Government of Canada

MORNING-MidwestDigest-11-30-17

Max Armstrong is in Coralville, Iowa, at The Ag Data Conference today.

$90 million biodiesel plant is under construction in Wichia, KS. Cargill is building the facility.

Gov. Scott Walker wants to spend $7 million on national marketing campaign to attract workers.

Nebraska Gov. Pete Ricketts is changing way state employees are going to be paid.

A family wedding at South Pacific island turned into tragedy when two family members drowned while kayaking in the ocean.

Yesterday, we talked about 9-year-old Missouri boy shot in hunting accident. Today, Nebraska boy shot himself while checking traps.

An organization that focuses on separation between church and state, The Freedom From Religion Foundation, is criticizing football coach who prayed with his team after a victory.

Farm Progress America, November 30, 2017

Max Armstrong shares a look at the new process on renegotiating the North American Free Trade Agreement where tensions between the three countries continue. Negotiators are offering stricter counter proposals. Max shares the state of current progress on the discussions.

Farm Progress America is a daily look at key issues in agriculture. It is produced and presented by Max Armstrong, veteran farm broadcaster and host of This Week in Agribusiness.

Rice coproducts may replace other cereals without negative impact

Getty Images/Paula Bronstein handful of grain rice

By Gloria A. Casas and Hans H. Stein, University of Illinois
Cereal coproducts are often included in diets for pigs to reduce diet costs. The nutritional value of wheat and corn coproducts for pigs has been reported whereas coproducts from other cereal grains are less well described.

As an example, there is very little information about the nutritional value of coproducts from the rice industry despite the fact that in terms of total global production, rice is No. 2 among all cereal grains. In the United States, annual production is approximately 11 million metric tons and the United States is the fifth largest exporter of rice in the world. Rice is also the main source of carbohydrates for more than 2 billion people in developing countries. However, before the paddy rice is turned into polished white rice for human consumption, it is processed to remove hulls, bran and broken kernels. Rice hulls have very limited nutritional value but broken kernels are sold as broken rice and the bran may be marketed as full fat rice bran or defatted rice bran.

In addition, mixtures of rice bran and rice hulls are available as rice mill feed. Brown rice, which contains the endosperm and the bran of the rice kernel, may also be used as an ingredient in diets for pigs. Variation in the chemical composition of rice coproducts affects the nutritional value of these ingredients for pigs (Table 1). Thus, broken rice has a high concentration of starch and is highly digestible, but has a low concentration of crude protein and amino acids.

University of Illinois

Table 1: Composition of broken rice, brown rice, full fat rice bran, defatted rice bran and rice mill feed

In contrast, FFRB, DFRB and rice mill feed contain 14.5, 16.5 and 6.8% crude protein, respectively, but 25.9, 24.6 and 49.3% of insoluble fiber. The high concentration of fiber in FFRB and DFRB affect the digestibility of energy and nutrients as well as the concentration of energy (Table 2). Among the rice coproducts, broken rice has the greatest digestibility of nutrients and concentration of metabolizable energy, followed by brown rice, FFRB and DFRB. Full fat rice bran and DFRB contain 1.79 and 2.58% P, respectively; whereas broken rice contains only 0.52%. However, because most of the P is bound to phytate, addition to phytase is necessary to increase the digestibility of P when these ingredients are included in the diets for pigs.

University of Illinois

Table 2: Apparent total tract digestibility of DM, concentration of DE and ME, standardized total tract digestibility of P in broken rice, brown rice, full fat rice bran and defatted rice bran

Broken rice is an ingredient that is mostly used in diets for newly weaned pigs to reduce enteric disease and to increase the feed intake. However, inclusion of FFRB or DFRB at 10 or 20% in diets for nursery pigs may decrease average daily feed intake but improve G:F without affecting daily gain. In addition, FFRB may have a prebiotic effect, likely because of the fiber or functional compounds that are present in the lipid fraction, however, more research needs to be conducted on this topic.

In growing and finishing pigs inclusion of up to 30% FFRB decreased ADFI and increased G:F without affecting average daily gain. In contrast, inclusion of DFRB increased ADFI and decreased G:F, which is likely a consequence of the lower concentration of metabolizable energy in DFRB compared with FFRB.

The concentration of fat in FFRB is between18 and 22%, whereas DFRB contains only 2 to 3% fat. The concentration of oleic and linoleic acid in the fat in FFRB is 40% and 33%, respectively, but inclusion of up to 30% FFRB in diets for growing-finishing pigs did not affect carcass characteristics with the exception that marbling of the meat increased. However, belly fat also became softer and the iodine value increased as FFRB was included in the diets, which is likely because of the increased concentration oleic acid and linoleic acid in the FFRB.

In contrast, addition of DFRB to diets for growing-finishing pigs decreased marbling of the meat and did not affect quality or composition of the bellies.

In conclusion, rice coproducts may be used as important sources of energy for pigs and these ingredients may replace other cereal in different phases of production without negatively affecting growth performance or carcass quality.

Research creates way to protect pigs from PRRS during reproduction

Kansas State University Kansas State University researchers
Kansas State University researchers Laura Constance, second-year student in veterinary medicine and doctoral student in pathobiology, and Matthew Olcha, master’s student in biomedical science, work in the laboratory of Raymond “Bob” Rowland, professor of diagnostic medicine and pathobiology. The research team’s latest work is helping to eradicate the PRRS virus.

Source: Kansas State University
In the words of Kansas State University researcher Raymond “Bob” Rowland, his latest work is helping to eradicate a devastating swine disease.

The disease is caused by the porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus. The virus costs the U.S. pork industry more than $600 million in losses every year.

In his latest study, Rowland, professor of diagnostic medicine and pathobiology in the College of Veterinary Medicine, has created a way to protect offspring from the PRRS virus during pregnancy. He has found that mothers without the CD163 protein are resistant to the PRRS virus and give birth to healthy, normal piglets. The work appears in Nature’s Scientific Reports.


Kansas State University

No. 1, Raymond

“We have created a protective shell against the PRRS virus during the reproductive phase of production,” Rowland says. “The offspring does not become infected during pregnancy and is born a healthy piglet. During this critical phase of production, we have essentially ended a disease.”

The PRRS virus causes disease in two forms: a respiratory form that weakens young pigs’ ability to breathe and a more severe reproductive form that causes mass deaths in pigs during late pregnancy.

“The reproductive form not only has a tremendous economic impact, but also a psychological impact on people who work with pigs,” says Rowland, who has spent more than 20 years studying the PRRS virus. “When we look at ways to control this disease, it really begins with reproduction. We want to keep this disease out of the reproductive process and we have found a way to do that.”

To address the devastating reproductive form of the virus, Rowland collaborated with Randall Prather, a professor at the University of Missouri, and a team to develop PRRS-resistant pigs. Using CRISPR/Cas9 technology, the researchers found that pigs without the CD163 protein showed no signs or evidence of being infected with the PRRS virus. CD163 is the receptor for the virus.

The research can save swine producers millions of dollars because pigs are protected from the PRRS virus during the critical reproductive process, Rowland says. But because offspring are born normal, they may still be susceptible to the disease later in life.

“This is one tool that we can use,” Rowland says. “It doesn’t mean that we can give up on vaccines or diagnostics, but it does create more opportunities for other tools to become more effective. Because this pig is born healthy, it will respond better to a vaccine or a diagnostic test. We are enhancing other aspects of disease control as well.”

Rowland will present the research for the first time at the 2017 North American PRRS Symposium from Dec. 1-3 in Chicago.

Other Kansas State University researchers involved in the project include Maureen Kerrigan, laboratory research manager, and Luca Popescu, a doctoral student and research assistant. All the researchers are involved with the diagnostic medicine and pathobiology department.

MIDDAY-MidwestDigest-11-29-17

Max is at MFA Cooperative Convention in Missouri today.

Max knows lot about how dangerous farming is. A growing number of small farmers are leading to more deaths on the farm. In Indiana, up to quarter of fatalities have been on hobby or lifestyle farms. 

Ron Hunt walked into Costco and started screaming while carrying a gun. He was a long-haul truck driver whose truck was parted in parking lot. He did not fire his gun. He was shot and killed by off-duty police officer who considered him a threat.

9-year-old was injured in hunting accident.

It used to be you had to be 10 years old to get hunting license in Wisconsin. Since age requirement lifted, state has sold 10 hunting licenses to infants. 195,000 deer killed during this year’s hunt, down from last year.