The department for veterinary and food supervision at the Agriculture and Food Ministry of the Republic of Belarus has announced that several new cases of African swine fever have been reported from Oryol Oblast, Bryansk Oblast, Kaluga Oblast and Moscow Oblast of Russia.
The Agriculture and Food Ministry informs on the need to take additional measures to prevent the import of live animals, sperm, pork and processed pork products, hides, hoof raw materials, hog hair, and hunter’s trophies acquired from susceptible animals from Russia’s Oryol Oblast, Bryansk Oblast, Kaluga Oblast and Moscow Oblast.
There is a need to make special efforts to ensure the biological protection of large pig-breeding complexes and farms of all forms of ownership. The Agriculture and Food Ministry also said that a new case of classical swine fever was reported in Karsava Municipality of Latvia. The same measures should be applied to the products from this region.
ASF is a contagious viral disease that affects domestic and wild swine. The disease is transmitted via direct contact, via products made of pork, by ticks and mechanically (by transportation means, during the transportation of people and animals). No vaccine is available. The animals suspected to have the disease are slaughtered. The disease does not affect humans.
Classical swine fever is a viral disease affecting pigs and wild boars. This highly contagious infection causes fever, damage of blood vessels and blood-forming organs, inflammation of mucous membrane of large bowels. The disease can occur in all countries. Classical swine fever causes immense economic losses. The death rate ranges from 80% to 100%.