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Brazil reports classical swine fever

Brazil finds first case of CSF since 2009 in state of Ceara; CSF is unrelated to African swine fever.

Brazil has reported to the World Organization for Animal Health (OIE) that it has discovered its first case of classical swine fever (CSF) since 2009.

According to the OIE report, the case was found in Ceara, Brazil, in late August, but official confirmation of the event was not made until Oct. 6.

Dr. Figueiredo Marques Guilherme Henrique, director of the animal health department in Brazil’s ministry of agriculture, livestock and supply, told OIE that the outbreak, which affected 130 pigs, was detected within the framework for surveillance of swine hemorrhagic diseases, which includes CSF.

Stamping out measures will be applied with disposal of the rest of the animals on the property. Investigations continue in the containment zone as well as in the surveillance zone established around the outbreak and in the properties with which a link has already been established, the report explained.

The state of Ceara — on the northern coast of Brazil — is not part of the CSF-free zone, and the outbreak is located more than 500 km away from the limits of the free zone, the OIE report noted. There are already movement restrictions of animals and their byproducts between the disease-free zone and the non-disease-free zone.

While CSF has symptoms similar to African swine fever, the diseases are caused by unrelated viruses.

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