Loading nursery pigs onto a semi trailer National Pork Board

Canada’s growing hog supply impacting U.S. production

Canada’s hog herd is expanding, though not at the same pace as the U.S. herd. Canada’s growth means more feeder pigs will be coming into the United States.

Headlines have touted the expansion of the U.S. swine herd, and a recent USDA National Agricultural Statistics Service report says the Canadian herd is also in growth mode.

The report, released last week, says the U.S. and Canadian inventory of all hogs and pigs for June 2017 was 85.8 million head. This was up 3% from June 2016, and up 7% from June 2015. The breeding inventory, at 7.34 million head, was up 1% from a year ago and up 2% from 2015. Market hog inventory, at 78.4 million head, was up 3% from last year and up 7% from 2015. The semi-annual pig crop, at 78.5 million head, was up 4% from 2016 and up 7% from 2015. Sows farrowing during this period totaled 7.34 million head, up 3% from last year and up 5% from 2015.

As each country’s herd were broke out, the U.S. inventory of all hogs and pigs on June 1, 2017 was 71.7 million head. This was up 3% from June 1, 2016 and up 1% from March 1, 2017. Meanwhile, Canada’s all hogs and pigs on July 1, 2017 was 14.1 million head. This was up 2% from July 1, 2016, and up 6% from July 1, 2015.

The Daily Livestock Report from the Steiner Consulting Group says according to the latest report from Statistics Canada, the rate of growth in Canada may be slower than in the United States but they are expanding nonetheless, and this means more feeder pigs available from Canada in the next 12 to 18 months. The total breeding herd in Canada as of July 1 was 1.275 million head, 1.2% higher than the previous year.

According to the NASS report, the Canadian semi-annual pig crop, at 14.9 million head, was up 3% from 2016 and up 5% from 2015. Sows farrowing during this period totaled 1.27 million head, up 1% from last year and up 2% from 2015.

The Daily Livestock Report says the larger pig crop so far this year has bolstered Canadian hog exports, which come for the most part to the United States as feeder pigs. Exports during January to June were 2.939 million, 58,000 head (+2%) higher than a year ago. U.S. hog supplies have increased at a faster pace, which explains why the share of Canadian hogs in U.S. weekly slaughter is lower than a year ago. The larger crop and higher exports have bolstered supplies relative to 2015 and 2014, contributing to U.S. growth.

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